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Rafeiro do Alentejo

Rafeiro do Alentejo - Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds

Rafeiro do Alentejo : Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds; Rafeiro do Alentejo Ratings: Ease of Training: 4 /10 Intelligence: 8 /10 Shedding: 10 /10 Watchdog: 9 /10 Guard Dog: 9 /10 Popularity: 3 /10 Size: 9 /10 Agility: 8 /10 Good with Kids: 10 /10 Rafeiro do Alentejo Attributes: Life Expectancy: 10-12 years Litter Size: 9-13 Group: Foundation Stock ... Rafeiro do Alentejo

Rafeiro do Alentejo

Rafeiro do Alentejo

Rafeiro do Alentejo

Rafeiro do Alentejo Ratings:

Ease of Training: 4/10
Intelligence: 8/10
Shedding: 10/10
Watchdog: 9/10
Guard Dog: 9/10
Popularity: 3/10
Size: 9/10
Agility: 8/10
Good with Kids: 10/10

Rafeiro do Alentejo Attributes:

Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
Litter Size: 9-13
Group: Foundation Stock Service
Color: Brindle, black, fawn, yellow, wolfgray; Markings of spotted white, black mask.
Hair Length: Medium
Size: Large
Shedding: Heavy Shed
Male Height: 27-28 inches (66-75 cm.)
Male Weight: 25-28 inches (64 - 70 cm.)
Female Height: 110-132 pounds (50-60 kg.)
Female Weight: 100-121 pounds (45-55 kg.)
Living Area:
The Rafeiro do Alentejo is not recommended for apartment life. It is relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least a large yard. This breed is very suspicious of strangers, and it is therefore necessary to provide a secure, fenced yard.

Complete information about Rafeiro do Alentejo Breed:

Overview :

Conformity to the physical type, temperament and movements are basic factors to take into account. Head with a broad, rounded skull, proportional to the corpulence, eyes dark and very characteristically expressive, ears small to medium-sized, triangular, with rounded tips placed halfway along the skull, bending at the base and dangling. Its silhouette is slightly convex and males are bigger and have a bulkier head than females. The neck is short and strong, with a regular dewlap, the trunk is robust, bulky and muscular, the chest broad and deep. Strong, upright limbs, both front and rear. Long and curving tail, on a line with the rump and falling underneath and between the hocks, when in action it may curl up. Hair of medium length, thick, straight and dense, its color black, wolf like, tawny or yellowish, in a fair, striped or white-spotted pattern.

Rafeiro do Alentejo History :

All mastiff breeds are believed to be the descendants of the powerful dogs that have travelled with Alexander the Great. These powerful mastiffs are said to have followed the Roman legions to Asia Minor, have crossed the Balkans, the Black Sea and reached the Atlantic shores. Throughout the thousands of years the dogs have travelled over vast areas. Because of countless selective breeding the dog developed unique and distinct characteristics that distinguish them from dogs of different regions. The tribes in the Iberian Peninsula are considered to be responsible in developing dogs known to have corpulence and great strength. These tribes whose main subsistence is from the cattle they raise use the dogs to protect their herds from rival tribes as well as from cattle rustles. Because of the geographical divergence, the north and south of Portugal are known to have a distinct climatic difference. Annually, in search of better pastures, large herds of cattle are driven by powerful mastiffs to Douro, the region on the northern side and to the southern region of Alentejo. Aside from guarding the herd, the dogs that remained in the southern grassland were developed into guard dogs that protect rural estates. The dogs in the northern region of Portugal particularly in Tras os Montes, like the ones in Alentejo were highly valued because of their exceptional abilities. The dogs in the northern region were called "Cao do Gado Transmontano". The Rafeiro do Alentejo breed was already known in the area for several centuries but it was not officially recognized. Towards the end of 1940, a census was made by two illustrious sinologists -Antonio Cabral and Felipe Romeiras and before 1953, the standard for the Rafeiro do Alentejo was established. A few decades after it was recognized, the breed deteriorated and almost became extinct due to bad breeding practices. Fortunately through the zeal of a small group of dedicated breeders, the Rafeiro do Alentejo breed was revived. In 2005, the breed was recorded in the Foundation Stock Service.

Rafeiro do Alentejo Temperament and Character :

An excellent, safe and self-confident guard dog particularly alert at night. It's not a dog for beginners. It needs a handler who naturally radiates leadership. Calm, steadfast, and brave, but not aggressive. Independent, very watchful, and self-assured. Affectionate with their own family, but suspicious of strangers, especially after dark. The dog can be stubborn and dominant. When training the Rafeiro do Alentejo, the best results are achieved by motivational training methods with a determined, consistent and loving approach. It is very important to begin training as early as possible, because a fully grown dog may be too strong and too big to be corrected and because this dog has his own ideas and will not cater to his owner's every whim. Sensitive to reprimands and eager to receive affection. They will generally get along with other animals provided they have been introduced to them when they are still young. It is important to socialize them while they are still young. These dogs mature quite slowly, reaching full adulthood at about four years old. They guard, but do not herd, livestock. They do not eat much for their size. Extensive early socialization, obedience training and consistent dominant leadership are very important when owning a Rafeiro do Alentejo. This is not the kind of dog to learn useless tricks; they usually want to keep their energy for the real work. Do not allow the Rafeiro do Alentejo to over exert themselves, such as, jumping, running and going up and down stairs, when it is a puppy. The reason is; it needs to save time and energy to develop healthy bones, muscles and tendons. With its highly noble character, it is tough to strangers but docile with children. Undoubtedly a dog more for defense than attack, unmistakable by the low, deep tone of its barking, which can be heard a long way off. Because of its powerful fangs, its courage, and for a dog of its size it is (very fast) it is often used in packs for game, wild boar and other large game hunting. This is a corpulent, sober dog, a dog of peaceful demeanor.

Rafeiro do Alentejo Health Care :

The Rafeiro do Alentejo requires very minimal grooming. The coat must have thorough brushing during their seasonal heavy shedding. Due to the rarity of this breed they are relatively healthy, although hip dysplasia may occur.

Rafeiro do Alentejo Grooming :

This breed requires little grooming. The coat needs thorough brushing-out during the twice a year shedding season. You can get away with little attention the rest of the year. The Rafeiro do Alentejo is a seasonal, heavy shedder.

Rafeiro do Alentejo Training :

Early socialization and obedience training is absolutely crucial. Rafeiro do Alentejo's are stubborn and dominant. Therefore, they require a strong and dominant handler. They do not respond to harsh or heavy-handed methods. Training must be done with motivation, firmness, respect, fairness, and consistency.

Rafeiro do Alentejo Activity and Exercise :

This breed needs an average amount of exercise. They do not like to exert all their energy on meaningless activities, however, as they would rather save energy for protection or hunting. They should be given a regular walk to keep them in shape. When fully mature, this breed has an (average, low) need for exercise. If not actively working, it needs to be taken on a daily walk or jog.

Rafeiro do Alentejo Photos:

Rafeiro do Alentejo breed Photo
Rafeiro do Alentejo breed Photos

Rafeiro do Alentejo breed Photos

Complete information about Rafeiro do Alentejo dog breed

Rafeiro do Alentejo