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Leonberger - Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds

Leonberger : Encyclopedia of Dog Breeds; Leonberger Ratings: Ease of Training: 7 /10 Intelligence: 8 /10 Shedding: 9 /10 Watchdog: 9 /10 Guard Dog: 9 /10 Popularity: 4 /10 Size: 9 /10 Agility: 7 /10 Good with Kids: 10 /10 Leonberger Attributes: Life Expectancy: 8-9 years Litter Size: 6-14 puppies Group: Working dogs Recognized By: AKC, ... Leonberger




Leonberger Ratings:

Ease of Training: 7/10
Intelligence: 8/10
Shedding: 9/10
Watchdog: 9/10
Guard Dog: 9/10
Popularity: 4/10
Size: 9/10
Agility: 7/10
Good with Kids: 10/10

Leonberger Attributes:

Life Expectancy: 8-9 years
Litter Size: 6-14 puppies
Group: Working dogs
Color: Coat colors are lion–yellow, golden to red and red–brown, also sand colored (cream, pale yellow) and all combinations thereof, always with a black mask. All colors may have black tips (some with long black tips) on the outer coat. All coat colors are accompanied by a lighter colored undercoat and feathering which blends well with the dominant body color. A small, unobtrusive stripe or white patch on the chest and some white hairs on toes is tolerated. ## Disqualification: Any coat color other than those listed. White hair on chest that exceeds 5 inches in width; white extending beyond toes.
Hair Length: Medium, Long
Size: Extra Large
Shedding: Heavy Shed
Male Height: 29-31.5 inches (73.5-80 cm)
Male Weight: 132 pounds (60 kg)
Female Height: 25.5-29.5 inches (64.5-75 cm)
Female Weight: 105 pounds (47.5 kg)
Living Area:
The Leonberger is not recommended for apartment life. It is relatively inactive indoors and will do best with at least a large yard. They prefer cool climates and can live inside or outside, but mostly prefer to be wherever you are.

Complete information about Leonberger Breed:

Overview :

This is a very large, muscular, working dog. The head is rectangular shaped and deeper than it is broad. Males heads are generally larger than female heads. The skull is somewhat domed. It has a black mask and a rather long muzzle. The black mask should not extend above the eyebrows; the mask can be up to the eyes or above the eyes, but never over the entire head. The large nose is always black with clearly outlined nostrils. The lips should be black, and are usually tight and dry. In males with a very majestic male head slightly loose flews and sometimes slightly open hooks of eyes, are often found. Loose flews collect saliva, so some males might drool slightly. The teeth should meet in a scissors or level bite. The medium sized ears are triangular in shape, fleshy, hanging flat and close to the head. The tips of the ears are level with corners of the mouth. The neck is muscular, and strong with no dewlap. The medium to long, water resistant, double coat comes in lion-yellow, golden to red, red-brown, sand, cream, pale yellow and any combination of those colors, always with a black mask. All colors may have shorter, medium or long black tips on the outer coat. There may be a small stripe or white patch on the chest and some white hairs on the toes. There is always discussion about the amount of white aloud. FCI standard states "like the palm of a hand". But it all depends on who's hand you are referring to. The Leonberger's thick mane creates a lion-like look. The mane in males can take up to 4 years to develop; the mane in a female is less obvious than in a males. Rear dewclaws are sometimes removed. The front and rear legs are feathered. The bushy tail hangs straight down. The pads of the feet are black. They often have webbed feet.

Leonberger History :

This breed was established in 1846 in Leonberg, Germany in the region of Wurttemberg by the German breeder Heinrich Essing from a crossing of the Newfoundland, St. Bernard, and the Great Pyrenees. Heinrich Essing's goal was to create a breed that would closely resemble the look of a lion. Leonbergers have been owned by many royal families including Napoleon II of France, Empress Elizabeth of Austria, the Prince of Wales, Emperor Napoleon II, Bismarck, and Italian King Umberto. In the nineteenth century many Leonbergers were imported to Russia. Like many breeds, the world wars almost brought it to extinction. By the end of World War II, only a few dogs remained. In 1945, several Germans gathered some of the few remaining Leonbergers and re-established the breed. Today the Leonberger has regained his popularity in Europe. The official standard was set in 1949. The first Leonberger was imported to the United States in 1971. This versatile breed has been successful for guarding livestock, search and rescue, obedience, water-rescue, tracking and as a family companion.

Leonberger Temperament and Character :

The Leonberger has a lively nature, brave, intelligent, steady and affectionate. It has a sweet expression. Loving and steadfast, stable and calm, the Leonberger just loves everyone. Their intelligence is extraordinary; their loyalty and love for their families is unparalleled. He has a friendly personality. A well balanced Leonberger will be highly trustworthy and have incredible patience, even with the most obnoxious children. With most of these dogs, if the situation becomes too intense, instead of showing any aggression, the Leonberger simply walks away. Most of these dogs can take bad behavior in their stride. The Leonberger does not respond very well to harsh training-methods; training requires patience. Owners need to be firm, but calm, confident and consistent. Proper human to canine communication is essential. To be an excellent watch-dog it requires some special training. Often called a gentle giant. The Leonberger is serious, eager and willing to please, responding well to training. The Leonberger can get along with other dogs. Socialize and train early, as this puppy will become a very large adult. Teach them to respect humans by training them not to jump, to heel on the lead and to enter and exit all door and gateways after the humans. The Leonberger is more active and coordinated than many other giant breeds.

Leonberger Health Care :

As in all giant breeds, they are prone to hip dysplasia, and other skeletal diseases/disorders. Also eyelid defects and bone disease. Possible behavioral problems.

Leonberger Grooming :

Weekly brushing is needed. The ears must be kept clean and the teeth cleaned when needed. Bathe only when necessary. Some de-matting is required to avoid hotspots. Wetness and damp-wet weather conditions are responsible for the hot spots. Check behind ears, feathering on legs, and tail for mats. The Leonberger is a seasonally heavy shedder, during this time the dog should be brushed and combed daily.

Leonberger Training :

Early socialization and obedience training is required. The Leonberger is intelligent and eager to please. They will not respond to harsh or heavy-handed methods. Training must be done with respect, fairness, firmness, patience, and consistency.

Leonberger Activity and Exercise :

This breed does not need a lot of exercise, however, they do need to be taken on a daily walk. While out on the walk the dog must be made to heel beside or behind the person holding the lead, as in a dog's mind the leader leads the way, and that leader needs to be the human. They love to be included in all family outings and are very adaptable to most any environment. They LOVE to swim, hike and be trained to pull carts and sleds. If you plan to have your Leo pull carts or hike, one has to wait until the dog is grown. It is not recommended before the dog is about 18 months old.

Leonberger Photos:

Leonberger breed Photo
Leonberger breed Photos

Leonberger breed Photos

Complete information about Leonberger dog breed